As human beings, we are prone to many diseases, disorders and illnesses. No matter how hard we try to defend ourselves, we fall sick despite that. We start taking medicines to get cured at the earliest, but are we aware of the side effects that they may cause? What are the long-term effects and reactions that they may cause? How can they affect our health?
Whenever we fall sick, we fall short of options to get cured and we’re left at the mercy of doctors and physicians. We are also prepared to go to the best of doctors to get cured, no matter what they charge, how they treat and how many medicines they prescribe. When we fall ill, our near and dear ones are the first to get affected. They try their level best or even go out of their way to provide us with the best treatment available. There are many methods of treating an illness like homeopathy, allopathy, and most recently, CBD.
An antibiotic, as per the Cambridge Dictionary, is a medicine or chemical that can destroy harmful bacteria in the body or limit their growth. They are powerful medicines that can fight bacterial infections. Antibiotics are effective in their own way, but there is always a fear of side effects. If a virus is making you sick, taking antibiotics may do more harm than good. Using antibiotics when you don't need them, or not using them properly, can add to antibiotic resistance. This happens when bacteria change and become able to resist the effects of an antibiotic.
Antibiotic resistance occurs when bacteria change in response to the use of these medicines. Bacteria, not humans or animals, become antibiotic-resistant. These bacteria may infect humans and animals, and the infections they cause are harder to treat than those caused by non-resistant bacteria.
Antibiotic resistance is accelerated by the misuse and overuse of antibiotics, as well as poor infection prevention and control.
Antibiotic resistance leads to higher medical costs, prolonged hospital stays, and increased mortality.
New resistance mechanisms are emerging and spreading globally, that threatens our ability to treat common infectious diseases. A growing list of infections – such as pneumonia, tuberculosis, blood poisoning, gonorrhoea, and foodborne diseases – are becoming harder, and sometimes impossible, to treat since antibiotics are not proving to be that effective.
Where antibiotics can be bought for human or animal use without a prescription, the emergence and spread of resistance is becoming worse. Similarly, in countries without standard treatment guidelines, antibiotics are often over-prescribed by health workers and veterinarians and over-used by the public.
CBD or Cannabidiol is a compound that is derived from the hemp plant and possesses anti-psychotic, anti-depressant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-oxidant properties that help it curb pain, stress, anxiety, depression, skin inflammations, insomnia, nausea, etc., without causing any major side effects if the dosage instructions are followed strictly.
CBD contains cannabinoids that interact with the human body’s naturally-formed Endocannabinoid System (ECS) to produce effective results. The ECS contains two kinds of cannabinoid receptors; CB1 and CB2. They are present in the brain (CB1) and the immune system (CB2).
According to the research presented at the 'ASM Microbe 2019' Cannabidiol has been approved by The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of a form of epilepsy, and is being investigated for a number of other medical conditions, including, anxiety, pain, and inflammation.
Work led by Dr Mark Blaskovich at The University of Queensland's Institute for Molecular Bioscience's Centre found that Cannabidiol was remarkably effective at killing a wide range of Gram-positive bacteria, including bacteria that have become resistant to other antibiotics, and did not lose effectiveness after extended treatment.
"Given cannabidiol's documented anti-inflammatory effects, existing safety data in humans, and potential for varied delivery routes, it is a promising new antibiotic worth further investigation. The combination of inherent antimicrobial activity and potential to reduce damage caused by the inflammatory response to infections is particularly attractive," said Dr. Blaskovich.
Importantly, the drug retained its activity against bacteria that have become highly resistant to other common antibiotics. Cannabidiol was also effective at disrupting biofilms, a physical form of bacteria growth that leads to difficult-to-treat infections.
CBD is available for use in the forms of tinctures, edibles like CBD Honey and CBD Gummies, topicals like CBD Balms and CBD Lotions, beverages like CBD Tea and CBD Coffee.
The 2018 Farm Bill made the cultivation of hemp legal in the United States. Since then, CBD infused products with only 0.3% THC are sold to consumers across the counter. The drug Epidiolex has been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for treating epileptic seizures in children.