CBD oil is derived from the hemp as well as the marijuana plant. The main difference here is, that CBD derived from the hemp plant contains lesser amount of THC as compared to that of marijuana.
The hemp-derived CBD oil contains less than 0.3% THC, which makes it anti-psychotic in nature. It is noted that our body makes its own cannabinoids (endocannabinoids) which have their own receptors. These receptors interact to alleviate pain, inflammation, sore muscles, etc. They have also started conducting research on Rheumatoid Arthritis and how CBD can cure it.
Some preliminary research suggests that CBD may help with arthritis pain. In animal studies, which may not translate to humans, CBD relieved arthritis pain and inflammation. On the other hand, results of human studies are mixed. For example, a 2016 analysis of human trials for RA, OA and fibromyalgia found that CBD improved pain and sleep, but the studies were small and of poor quality.
Even so, Daniel Clauw, MD, a professor at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor and an expert in chronic pain, doesn't write off CBD's potential benefits and recommends it to some of his patients.
"A recent trial showed CBD alone was effective in [the treatment of] knee OA, and it appears as though it is very safe," he says. "Nearly all potential side effects of cannabinoids are from THC, not CBD."
Also, in 2016, an experiment was conducted using CBD gel on rats. Researchers saw that CBD worked on them without causing any side effects. It cured joint pain and inflammation with efficacy.
CBD oil interacts with the CB1 and CB2 receptors to reduce pain and inflammation. It sends signals to the brain to release endocannabinoids into our Endocannabinoid System (ECS).
CB1 receptors are found in the central nervous system, lungs, kidneys, and liver. CB2 receptors are found in the immune system and the blood cells. Endocannabinoids, derived from CBD, help in activating these receptors.
The endocannabinoid molecules act as chemical messengers to unite these receptors and instruct the body to perform certain functions that are vital for our body.
CBD oil is available in the form of tinctures, sprays, lotions, honey, gummies, coffee, tea, etc. it can be taken sublingually or even topically.
Take the right amount of dosage. It is very important to keep this in mind. It is better than overdosage of CBD oil. Start with small doses and increase gradually (if that dose doesn't work for you). Also, consult your doctor before administering CBD oil. Check the product for its purity.
State laws regulating the sale, production, and possession of CBD oil widely vary, and many states allow some form of CBD. CBD is legal in almost 50 states in the U.S. Only hemp-derived CBD is considered legal for cultivation after the approval of the 2018 Farm Bill. This bill makes CBD legal for medicinal use only.